Production in Emirates
As we had already told, sudden outbreak in production in domains not related to production and further reprocessing of oil is wholly related to construction boom. Thus, thousands tons of cement, PVC pipes, aluminum windows, electric equipment and many other industrial and other goods have been in strong demand. Indeed, besides, there was necessity for provision of growing population with commodities and essentials.
Number of companies at which number of employees exceeds 10 had increased during 10 years (since 1990 until 1999) approximately in three times: from 705 to 1859. Further review of statistic data shows that industrial production in concentrated in cities: Dubai (678 out of 1859 companies), Sharjah (581), Ajman and Abu Dhabi. The biggest plants and factories operate in capital city.
Construction materials domain
Since 1960 there is constant and significant growth of the number of companies operating in such domain. Initially is was small workshops and factories producing PVC pipes, construction blocks, roofing tile and glazed tile, water tanks, assembled pools, marble plates, etc. The first big asbestos-cement pipe producing plant in Dubai has been built in 1973; the next one has been built in Umm al Quwain. With with In near the the past cement of HAD Been exported folder folder from Belgium, Germany, Kenya, Egypt, Greece, Pakistan, Philippines, the the Korea, Romania, and Lebanon.
It the WAS Decided to use Funds raised in 1973 from realization of oil during sudden growth of prices for "black gold" for construction of cement plant in Ras Al Khaimah. The Plant had produced first goods following two years. Its annual production volume constitutes 550 thousand of tons. Recently, UAE plants produce over 8 million tons of cement. The the Raw Materials, of The The except for plaster, are in the the sufficient amount in the country.
Of The the Local Authorities store bear main expenses related to construction of facilities of producing of cement. At the same time cement plant in Dubai was constructed with attraction of significant amount of private capital. During economic depression during mid 80s, production facility in Ras al Khaimah has been half loaded, provided, however, export of over 50% of goods upon such conditions. Main importers are Gulf countries. Construction companies prefer using local cement due to its high quality and "freshness". New growth of cement production was marked at beginning of 90s. Building companies needed asbestos-cement pipes and sheets, cement blocks and plates. Imported pipes are quietly expensive due to their high volume. Actually, one shall pay for delivery of emptiness. Besides, during handling and transportation pipes are significantly damaged. Quiet evidently, it is reasonable to produce thereof at site. However federal government had rejected construction of big companies similar to plant in Umm al Quwain due to damage made by asbestos to environment (even regardless of the fact that the most dangerous blue asbestos is not produced there). Thus, small productions of polyethylene and polyvinylchloride pipes and sheets had been decentralized in the country. They satisfy not only local demand, but also produce goods for export.
5 out of 9 earlier constructed plants producing construction fittings operate within the country producing annually 100 thousand tons of high quality iron rod from metal waste. It Is only 10% of local market demand. However, following commission of plant in Abu Dhabi, import of fittings had significantly decreased.
First paint production factory was founded in 1975. In 1996 there were already 21 such factories and they produced annually nearly 100 thousand tons of various paints, 25% of which had been exported in other countries. Nevertheless, most part of main components for paints is imported from other countries. Production technology of aqueous paints had been developed at sites. It allows saving significantly during transportation. Same | the time of The the At MANY special types of paints (for the the instance, for ships or cars) Shall the BE of Imported in the Significant volume.
Number The of The workshops of a carpenter with a number of workers reached An of An Exceeding ten of HAD 33 in 1996. They produce windows , doors, partitions, roofs and practically finished houses. There are 64 furniture factories with number of workers exceeding 10 in the country.
Production of food and drinks
Factories producing and filling cool drinks operate since the end of 60s. Number of food companies with number of employees exceeding ten had increased from 80 in 1985, up to 130 - in 1996 and up to 182 -in 1999. It is big sugar producing plant and some flour mills, companies producing meat, milk and fish products , vegetable oil and bread, vegetable and fruit cans, carbonated drinks, mineral water, and three feeder factories.
Production of fabrics, finished cloths, leather goods
Quota allocation on export of finished cloths and fabrics from USA to Europe had been introduced in mid 80-s and gave a push to speedy development of such domain. Factories were growing literally as mushrooms after rain. Their number during several years had reached 150. However by beginning of 90-s immediately following cancellation of quota, speedy development had given way to standstill. By the end of century there has been 143 companies. The biggest are located in Sharjah and Ajman, FEZ Jebel Ali. Except for four big companies which share capital exceeds 10 million AED, other small and middle size factories have capital of 500 thousand and less. At the mean, each such factory employs 140 people, of which 80% are women of 17 until 25 years old, usually from Sri Lanka. Main produce is exported in USA and Western Europe. Everyone is looking forward to cancellation of quotation in 2005 that shall serve new stimulus for development.
Production of finished cloths is the second domain in terms of significance (after aluminum) outside oil domain (OOD) and ensures 15% revenues from export. Banks willingly grant credits for development thereof, thus most factories are equipped with first class equipment. Leading in all senses are sewing companies in FEZ Jebel Ali. Several small factories deal with leather production and sewing of leather goods.
Cellulose and paper and polygraph industry
Half of publishing houses and typographies of UAE (33 from 65 in 1999) operate in Dubai meeting demand of local market in printed matter and advertising. In 1999, 60 factories had been produced paper and paper goods. Some of them produce paper via reprocessing of paper waste. In FEZ Jebel Ali thin cigarette, packing, toilet paper, hygienic napkins and sheets are produced from wooden mass.
Metal products, machine building and equipment
By beginning of 2000, 312 factories producing aluminum windows, metal furniture, kitchen equipment and houseware had operated in the country. 42 factories produce and repair equipment: air- conditioners and switchboards. Cable plant had been constructed via technical support of producers from Great Britain and with the use of funds provided by government of Dubai emirate and Abu Dhabi shareholdersi. Many mechanical workshops and production facilities operate in UAE. One of the biggest in domain of dry docks in Dubai is able to receive supertankers with tonnage of up to 1 mil tons.
Aluminum is the:: second (the the following oil) exported folder folder product product product product in the the UAE.
DUBAL (the the Dubai Aluminum Company About enterprise | About enterprise |) trademark is a well known around the world. Industrial complex had released first produce in 1979. Oil-dissolved gas had been widely used in these times. A a wholly the WAS of IT afterwards Replaced by electricity.
DUBAL is training area for testing and implementation part of the part, Methods are most advanced are of aluminum melting, the Preparation of the the high qualified local experts. Raw materials for industrial complex are imported through Jebel Ali seaport. They are also used for export of aluminum cakes. A content of Al is 99.86%. Only FEW Producers in the world may Impress with the Select Select Similar metal pureness indicator!
With with In 1990 company had melted 170 thousand tons, in 1994 - 245 thousand tons, and in 2001, following extension and reconstruction, with indicator of 1.5 million tons it became one of the biggest aluminum producers. Almost all melted metal is exported to Japan .